class="post-template-default single single-post postid-1597 single-format-standard">

22 October 2015

Learn More About your Hair

PERFORM A HAIR CONSULTATION

 

A consultation at Bellezza usually takes anywhere from 10-20 minutes depending on the condition and history. It is important to share all necessary hair history, at home regimens, products used and treatments used prior to the visit. Stylists will also want to be sure to ask clients about allergies and medications so they can take extra precautions when selecting and applying products. Leaving out key information can cause less than desired results, so stylists must take the time to ask plenty of questions.

During an initial consultation the stylist will analyze the texture, curl pattern, growth pattern, elasticity, porosity, length, and density to determine the condition of the client’s hair.

Hair Texture

Hair texture is separated into three categories: thick (or coarse), medium, and fine. Texture does not refer to how the hair feels, but rather each strand’s diameter. Stylists can determine if hair is coarse, medium, or fine by holding a single strand of dry hair between two fingers. It is important to distinguish between thick hair texture and density. Thick hair texture refers to coarse hair while thick hair density refers to the amount of hair follicles per square inch on your scalp.

Coarse or thick hair has the largest diameter. Coarse hair tends to be more resistant to chemical services such as relaxer, color, or perm because it has the highest protein structure. Coarse hair can hold curls and style easily, and is less prone to heat damage, but requires extra care including a suitable cut and hair care regimen to maintain hair health and beauty.

Medium hair is in between both ends of the texture spectrum. It is relatively easy to process and holds style well. It is not as prone to breakage as fine hair and is more pliable than thick hair.

Fine hair is the thinnest hair texture and very easy to process. It is prone to damage from chemical treatments because it the most fragile of all hair types. It often lacks the inner layer (called the medulla), which adds to its fragility. Fine hair requires extra care to maintain hair health without weighing the hair down, and the expertise of a knowledgeable hair specialist when considering color or other chemical treatments.

Curl Patterns

Curl patterns can be classified into four different categories: straight, wavy, curly, and kinky. Each of these categories, typically assigned a number from 1 to 4, can be split into three more types, a for fine texture, b for medium, and c for thick/coarse. Hair types are often given a value such as 2b, which would be wavy hair with a medium texture.

The curl pattern speaks volumes to your stylist in regards to its own special characteristics such as: prone to frizz, easy or resistant to style, dryer time, moisture content and many more.

Growth Patterns

Prior to performing services on clients, especially haircuts, stylists should analyze the client’s hair growth patterns. Cowlicks, whorls and hair streams occur as a result of growth patterns. Hair follicles rarely grow straight out from the scalp.

Cowlicks are generally seen around the front hairline where a small group of hairs stand straight up.

Whorls form in a circular pattern and can be seen in different areas of the head, but mainly in the crown of the head.

Follicles slope in a certain direction which causes hair to flow in that direction. This is called a hair stream. For example, a natural part is formed when two streams flow in opposite directions.

Elasticity

Elasticity is the ability of hair to stretch and contract. It is the first factor of hair strength. Stylists may choose to perform a strand test to determine the elasticity of hair. When stylists test the elasticity of hair, strands are selected from different areas of the head. Stylists hold a wet single strand of hair and stretch the hair. If the hair returns to its original form without breaking just like that of a rubber band, it is considered normal elasticity.

Good elasticity is represented by hair stretching approximately 20 percent of its natural length when dry and up to 50 percent when wet with no breakage.

The symptoms of low elasticity include breakage, hard to hold curls and styles. The chemical services and products selected must have a lower pH to prevent damage and over-processing.

Porosity

Porosity is the hair’s ability to absorb moisture. This is the second factor of hair strength. The condition of the cuticle layer of the hair is directly related to the hair’s porosity. Hair that is resistant to penetration has a compact cuticle layer and is considered to be normal, healthy hair. The porosity of hair can be categorized as low porosity, average porosity and/or high porosity.

Low porosity – Resistant hair: the hair’s ability to absorb water is low, and the cells of the cuticle layer are not raised, which prevents solutions from entering into the cortex layer of the hair.

Average porosity – Normal Hair: the cells of the cuticle layer are slightly raised. It is fairly easy to moisturize this type of hair because the hair shaft will accept and retain moisture.

High porosity – Dry, brittle or damaged hair: the hair strand may feel rough, and cuticle layer cells are raised. The porosity can be checked on dry hair by moving the thumb and fore finger up and down the single strand. This type of hair is difficult to moisturize because water enters and leaves the hair shaft too easily. Generally high porosity can be determined easily because the hair is usually in an extremely unhealthy state.

Length

Hair typically grows about 6 inches per year. During this same period as a number of strands may be growing, your hair will also experience shedding at the same time. Many factors determine the rate and length of hair growth including diet, hair care practices, genetics, health, medication, and hormones.

Hair grows through three cycles: anagen, catagen and telogen.

The Anagen Phase is the active growing cycle. During this phase, hair grows 1cm every 28 days and stays in this growth phase for 2 to 6 years. Depending on the length of time one stays in this active phase will determine the common length of their hair. If you find that no matter what you do, your hair only grows to a certain length then that means you have a short active phase of growth.

The Catagen Phase is known as the transitional phase, which lasts approximately 1 to 2 weeks. During this time growth stops and the papilla begins to separate from the follicle. This process cuts the hair off from its blood supply and from the cells that produce new hair. Only 3% of all hair is in this phase at any time.

The Telogen Phase is the resting phase and accounts for 10% – 15% of all hair. This phase lasts 5 to 6 weeks. During this phase the hair follicle is at rest and if you were to pull out a hair you would reveal a solid white mass at the root of the hair. This is the typical phase for shedding, which amounts to 25 – 100 hairs per day.

After the Telogen Phase the cycle begins again and new hair is formed during the Anagen phase.

Density

Do you know how many hairs the average head contains? The answer is 100,000.

The density of hair is measured by the number of individual strands per square inch. On average most people have approximately 2,200 hairs per square inch or 2.5 cm. One’s natural hair color on average can determine the density of the hair. For example, a natural blond on average has 140,000 hairs, natural brown – 120,000, natural black – 108,000, and natural red – 90,000.

BACK

Our Blog

The hair salon at Bellezza offers everything from haircuts and styling to superb highlights and coloring. Our stylist team continuously explores fresh ideas and new techniques for hair treatments and styling.

Winter Hair Trends: Colors and Styles

18 November 2016

Winter Hair Trends: Colors and Styles

With the changing of the seasons comes an attendant change in hairstyles. Now that it’s colder, topknots and fishtail braids are being traded in for warmer, hair down styles. There’s no need to stick to one ‘do for life’ … in fact, did you know that women have an average of 104 different hairstyles in…

Christmas Nail Trends Full of Festivity

14 November 2016

Christmas Nail Trends Full of Festivity

Christmas nails are a great way to showcase your personality and put on a little flair for the holidays. After all, what could be less drab than festive nails in the spirit of the season? As Maisie Williams once said: If you’ve got cool nails, you wake up and you’re like, ‘Oh, I’m happy now.’…

The Science Behind Microdermabrasion

01 November 2016

The Science Behind Microdermabrasion

Over time, external factors (such as the sun and even pollution) can have a damaging effect on your skin. And while there are chemical peels, serums, and other options available for improving the appearance and health of your skin, microdermabrasion remains one of the most popular treatments, with the average cost being around $150 per session.

9 Reasons to Wax Instead of Shave

24 October 2016

9 Reasons to Wax Instead of Shave

  Did you know that the average American woman spends nearly 60 days of her life shaving? If you’re tired of the skin irritation, time, and money that goes into shaving on a regular basis, then it may be time to consider waxing as a means of hair removal instead. After all, there are numerous benefits that waxing affords…

7 Psychological Benefits of Going to the Spa

11 October 2016

7 Psychological Benefits of Going to the Spa

You know the spa is a place to unwind, relax, and reconnect. But do you know all the psychological benefits you will enjoy when you make spa visits a regular habit? The spa industry is worth over $15 billion. This astronomic growth suggests that many are realizing the full range of wellness benefits regular spa visits…

7 Massage Types and What They are Best For

30 September 2016

7 Massage Types and What They are Best For

Massage offers amazing health benefits, like stress release, release of muscle tension, and better quality of sleep. When you take the time to select the right form of massage for your specific health needs, you’ll receive even more benefits from your spa treatment. Learn which type of massage to choose and how it can help based…

Best Ways to Wear the Color of the Year 2016  

09 February 2016

Best Ways to Wear the Color of the Year 2016  

This year color giant Pantone shocked the fashion and design world by selecting not just one color of the year, but two. The stunning pastel duo of Serenity and Rose Quartz offer an updated take on the pink and blue so familiar in nursery decor. Get our tips on the best ways to wear Pantone’s…

Ready to Look Younger? Best Anti—Aging Treatments

04 February 2016

Ready to Look Younger? Best Anti—Aging Treatments

Miami day spas cater to the wellness needs of residents with anti-aging treatments that restore the youthful appearance and texture of skin from the inside out. By incorporating soothing techniques with ingredients that are proven to moisturize skin and reduce the appearance of fine lines, day spa treatments can help you look your best at…

Skin Troubles? Best Skin Clearing Foods for You

02 February 2016

Skin Troubles? Best Skin Clearing Foods for You

Tired of looking in the mirror, only to notice troublesome skin? Maybe you’re dealing with unsightly acne, signs of aging, or downright dry and dull skin. Regardless of your skin woes, there’s a good chance that what you’re eating (or not eating) is at least partially to blame. After all, your skin is an organ…

Nail Care Tips for Every Nail Type  

28 January 2016

Nail Care Tips for Every Nail Type  

In a perfect world, all women would have beautifully manicured nails without any effort. But, as you probably know all too well, this simply isn’t the case. Getting great-looking nails takes a great deal of work, time, and (often) money. However, even the best manicure or pedicure won’t solve the underlying problem of unhealthy nails….